Student-centered learning is competency-based. So it is important that learning activities, content and assessments are linked to specific competencies. For that we need a component with information about the competency framework. In this design, that information model is called a reference framework. The reference framework functionality can support all kinds of reference frameworks, not just competencies, for example: Bloom’s taxonomy levels, Lexile ranges, social emotional learning (SEL), or 21st Century Skills. The reference framework defines what a learner should know or be able to do and defines rules for measures that indicate levels of mastery.

Transferable skills such as critical thinking, problem-solving, creativity, and collaboration enable people to perform effectively in different settings and apply knowledge and skills to different tasks. Transferable skills are also referred to as essential skills and dispositions, personal success skills, higher-order skills, soft skills, noncognitive skills, and 21st-century skills. Transferable knowledge is a product of deeper learning, “including content knowledge in a domain and knowledge of how, why, and when to apply this knowledge to answer questions and solve problems” (Pellegrino & Hilton, 2012).

Competency Systems ® offers a comprehensive suite of reference frameworks for authoring and planning a curriculum aligned to the performance criteria, which are rigorous, common expectations for learning (knowledge, skills, and dispositions).