Assessment is a meaningful, positive, and empowering learning experience for students that yields timely, relevant, and actionable evidence. This is one of the key elements of the competency-based education.
Three main types of assessments are formative, interim, and summative based on use. Same assessment can be used for three situations.
Formative assessment is an integral part of instruction (Heritage, 2010, Shepard, in 2019). It is defined as:
"a planned, ongoing process used by all students and teachers during learning and teaching to elicit and use evidence of student learning to improve student understanding of intended disciplinary learning outcomes and support students to become self-directed learners (CCSSO, 2018, p. 2)."
This definition clearly conveys that formative assessment is a process embedded within classroom instructional system rather than part of an assessment system (Shepard, 2019). It is inseparable from instruction.
Interim assessments evaluate students' knowledge and skills relative to a specific set of academic goals. They are intended by the purpose and intended use. (Perie, Marion, & Gong, 2009)
Competency Systems ® offers a comprehensive suite of item authoring and assessment creation platform, where an educator can develop high-quality test items of varied depths aligned to the performance criteria, which are rigorous, common expectations for learning (knowledge, skills, and dispositions).